Influenza Info

From what we are seeing in the Schreiner University's Health and Wellness Center, the flu can start out with mild cold like-symptoms and then progress to other more severe symptoms with or without fever - or, it can hit you hard from the beginning starting with cough & fever!

Per the CDC and Texas Department of State Health Services:
People may have only one or two symptoms besides the fever, or they may have many. People can infect others with flu even before they show symptoms (24 to 48 hours), and they remain contagious for seven or more days after they become sick.

Signs & symptoms of flu:
- cough
- sore throat
- runny or stuffy nose
- body aches and or headache
- fever {chills, hot & cold - may include chills &/or cold sweats}
- exhaustion
- fatigue
- can include nausea, vomiting and or diarrhea

How can I avoid getting the flu?
You can protect yourself from the flu by washing your hands frequently with soap and warm water. You also can use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. You should also avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth. Stay away from people who are sick (especially if they have fever, cough and a sore throat). Get plenty of sleep, exercise regularly, manage stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious foods.

What to do if you have some of the above symptoms?:

1. Notify Health & Wellness. Call 830-792-7279 (do not e-mail) to schedule an appointment to see the doctor or nurse. People at risk of complications from flu may be prescribed antiviral medication. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses & should not be requested.

2. Self isolate - this protect others - it's the right thing to do!
Stay home if you get sick. Stay home from work, school, errands, and limit close contact with others to keep from infecting them. In most cases people with flu will get better without medical attention.
- if it is inconvenient for you to go home, stay in your room or apartment
- use a mask when answering the door & when someone is in the room with you
- use hand washing precautions (or hand sanitizer when hand washing is not convenient)
- wipe down shared faucet and bathroom fixtures, light switches door knobs, microwave & fridge handles, TV remotes, etc. with sanitizer or Lysol type spray
- wait to be around people until your fever has been gone for 24 hours without taking fever-reducing medications & you no longer have a cough

3. Notify your room mate or suite mates of your illness.
Remind to use hand washing precautions & practice social distancing.

4. Notify your professors of your illness & to review with them how to keep up with your studies.
The Health and Wellness Office, working through the Registrar’s Office, will notify academic advisors when a student has the flu or flu-like symptoms. The academic advisor, serving as liaison between the student and his or her faculty, will notify the faculty about the illness and, in doing so, validate that the student has been advised by Schreiner University to self-isolate.

A student who is advised to self-isolate has the following responsibilities:
1) Contact professors by e-mail or telephone to communicate your health status.
2) Request coursework, notes, etc. in order to stay as up-to-date in each class as possible.
3) Submit coursework as possible through e-mail or Schreiner One while out of class.
4) Communicate with your academic advisor by e-mail or telephone, letting the advisor know which—if any—faculty have not responded to your e-mails & whether this illness places you in jeopardy of successfully completing any courses.
5) Communicate with your academic advisor when your fever has broken for 24 hours that you are returning to your classes.

Health & Wellness Instructions to help minimize your symptoms while you are recuperating from the flu:
- push your fluids to maintain hydration Rationale: When you are ill, you metabolize your bodily fluids and dehydrate more frequently. Drink lots of water, Gatorade, PowerAde, juice, etc. (avoid caffeinated beverages as these tend to dehydrate you) (avoid milk products as this increase mucous & sputum production) Warm or hot beverages usually cause less coughing. Hot tea with honey & lemon will soothe & may help heal your throat more quickly as honey is loaded with antioxidants. You can just take a couple of teaspoons of honey at any time! Recent studies indicate honey may help decrease cough. Rationale: The faster your throat heals, the faster the cough goes away.
- take ibuprophen (Motrin or Advil) for fever, headache & discomfort, one tablet 4 times per day (mealtime and bedtime). If one tablet does not control the fever, headache or discomfort you may take two as directed on package (if you are allergic to ibuprophen, substitute Tylenol, one tablet 4 times per day as instructed above). When you have had no fever for 24 hours without fever reducing medications & you no longer are coughing, you may return to class, work & or sports.
- take Claritin D 24 (generic is fine) once per day to help shrink down your swollen membranes - throat, tonsils and lymph nodes, etc. and dry up your drainage. (do not take if allergic to pseudophedrine HCL or loratidine)
- take Mucinex DM two times per day to help your body thin & remove respiratory mucous. Rationale: Stagnant mucous provides more fuel for infection. (do not take if allergic to guaifenesen or dextromethorphan)
- gargle frequently with salt water (mix ¼ tsp salt to ½ cup water & swish & gargle, to bathe your throat with salt water). Do not swallow.
- take Benadryl 25mg at night (capsule or tablet form) (diphenhydramine HCl is generic name) If experiencing drainage that is increasing cough at night, Benadryl will also allow you to sleep better (do not take if allergic to diphenydramine HCL).
- Breath steam from a shower for 10-15 min. to loosen phlegm.
- Take Hall’s mentholyptus cough lozenges – 1 lozenge 4 times per day.
Rationale: Difficulty breathing may warrant additional medical treatment. Do not e-mail.

What are considered severe symptoms for Adults?
- Difficulty breathing
- Purple or blue discoloration of the lips
- Vomiting and unable to keep liquids down
- Signs of dehydration such as dizziness when standing, absence of urination, dry cracked lips, or fatigue
- Seizures or uncontrolled convulsions
- Loss of consciousness
- Alteration in thinking

Health and Wellness Influenza